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名师支招丨攻城略地鏖战急!初一下英语期末要点理一理!提分必看!

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作者 | 轻轻家教英语何老师


基础知识要扎实,重点知识要夯实,难点知识要务实。


又是一年期末考试,对于初一的学生而言,六月底的这次期末考试是尤为重要的,这就意味着马上进入初二更加紧张,综合性的英语学习阶段。那么,大家如何做好这次期末备考呢?


别急,本期我们邀请了轻轻家教英语何老师来助你搞定初一英语期末考!


老师简介何老师英语专八,擅长外校、小升初、中考冲刺训练,能在短时间提升学生的英语兴趣和纠正英语语音语调;有自己独立的英语题库,对考点把握精准,教学严谨,因材施教,能有效帮助孩子解决英语难题。坚信:世上没有教不好的学生,只有不会教的老师!


期末考试范围


考试范围初一英语下册Unit1-Unit9所有内容,重点考察学生对单词的识记,理解和语法综合运用情况。


期末考重要性


一是是学生初中一年学习成果的汇总和精华


二是更无缝地与初二英语学习作铺垫。


因为进入到初二英语学习,单词难度会加大,语法难度也会更加系统深入的学习定语从句,宾语从句,主谓一致,倒装句等。


如果初一英语基础扎实的话,到初二阶段,可以预留多的时间在放在其他重点薄弱的数学,物理等科目上面,这样才能让初二的英语学习更轻松些,学习状态才能有一个良性的循环。



期末考制胜之道


接下来我们从词汇和语法类考题来讲讲初一英语考试中的制胜之道:


一、单选类考题


单词是英语学习的基础。正确地理解,背诵和运用英语单词,是我们英语学习的基础。


(一)理解单词词性



理解单词不能靠死记硬背,要弄懂它的词根词缀词源,或是用划分音节法,除了查阅字典、词典得到确切的读音外,还可以采用自然拼读法帮助记忆。


【常见题型】


●  听力

●  单项选择

● 完形填空

● 阅读理解

● 阅读理解填词(首字母填词)

 书面表达。


(二)常考语法清单汇总


1. 情态动词用法

(can,must,should,may,might,shall,will,would+动词原形)


Eg.Can you play the piano?你会弹钢琴吗?


2. 特殊疑问句构造

(What time/When \how\why\How long\how far\how often等句式)


Eg.--When does he go to school?

--At half past seven.


3. 祈使句的构造及否定形式。


特点:

①.动词原形放在句首,Sit down,please.(请坐)

②.句子的主语一般为:第二人称。除去Let us go.

③.祈使句否定构造:在句首+Don’t

举例子:Get out---否定 Don’t get out.


4.介词用法汇总

(in,at,on ,with,under,off,without,over,)


There is a bridge over the bridge.河上架着一座桥。

I am so happy for you.我真替你开心。

There is a person at the door.门口有人站着。

Many happy returns of the day.祝你长命百岁!


5. 现在进行时用法(构造be+V-ing)


表示特点:

①.动作正在发生。

He is cooking dinner at 6pm.晚上6点他正在做饭。

②.表示将来发生的动作。


6.方位介词用法


On the left\right在左边/在右边

Near here=around here附近

Be far away from=be near=be next to靠近


7. 动词第三人称单数形式用法

助动词(do/does/did)+V原



下面重点讲解阅读理解填词类型常考单词词性汇总:


Unit1   用法集萃


play +棋类/球类  下……棋,打……球     

play the +西洋乐器  弹/拉……乐器

be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事

be good with sb. 善于与某人相处        

need sb. To do sth. 需要某人做某事

can + 动词原形  能/会做某事           

a little + 不可数名词 一点儿……

join the …club 加入…俱乐部       

like to do sth. =love to do sth.  喜欢/喜爱做某事


典句必背


Can you draw?  

Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.


What club do you want to join?   

I want to join the chess club.


You can join the English club.

Sounds good.


I can speak English and I can also play soccer.

Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721.  


Unit2  用法集萃


at + 具体时间点  在几点(几分)      

eat breakfast/ lunch/dinner吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

thirty\half past +基数词    ……点半      

fifteen\a quarter to +基数词  差一刻到……点

from …to … 从……到……              

need to do sth 需要做某事


典句必背


1. What time do you usually get up?       

I usually get up at six thirty.


2. That’s a funny time for breakfast.       


3. When do students uasually eat dinner?

They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening.


4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games.


5. At twelve,she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch..


6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good.


7. Here are your clothes.         


Unit3  佳作赏析


主题:谈论日常作息习惯


My School Day


I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at taelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed.


Unit4  典句必背


1. Don’t arrive late for class. 上课不要迟到。


2. Can we bring music players to school? 我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗?


3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 并且我们总是不得不穿校服。


4. There are too many rules! 有太多的规则!


5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen! 不要把脏盘子留在厨房里!


6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不得不留短发。



经典范文


Dear Tom,


Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them.


We can’t arrive late for class. We can’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet.


When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can’t eat or drink in class, and we can’t listen to music or play games in class.


I think we have too many rules. What about yours? Please write and tell me.

Yours,

Li Ming


Unit5  用法集萃


1. —Why…? 为什么……?    —Because… 因为……

2. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事    

3.want to do sth. 想要做某事       

4. one of + 名词复数 ……之一   

5. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事         

6. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事  

7. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

8. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好


Unit6 用法集萃


1. —What + be+ 主语+ doing? ……正在做什么?    

—主语+ be + doing sth. ……正在做某事。

2. I’d love / like to do sth. 我愿意做某事。

3. any other + 可数名词单数 其他任何一个……

4. wish to do sth. 希望做某事



Unit7 经典范文


The Weather in Beijing


Hell, everyone! I’m from Beijing. Do you want to know the weather in Beijing? Now let me tell you something about the weather here.


In Beijing, spring is very short and warm. In summer, it’s very hot, but it often rains. We often go swimming in the river. In autumn, the weather is very dry and cool. We often go to the farm to work with the farmers to help them. In winter, it’s very cold, and sometimes it’s snowy and windy.


I like swimming, so summer is my favorite season.

  

Unit8   经典范文


Where is the hotel? Let me tell you how to get there. Go down this road and then


turn left. Go through First Street and second Street. When you come to Third Street, turn right and walk on. You can see a bridge over a river. Go across the bridge. Then you can see the hotel. It’s on your right, across from the post office, You will find it.


Unit9   经典范文


Lost


Kate, a twelve – year – old girl, is lost in the street.


She is of medium height with short hair. She has a round face and small eyes. She wears a pair of glasses. She wears a white shirt, a pair of blue jeans and a pair of black sports shoes.


If anyone knows her, please call Mr. Green at 26458132.Thanks a lot.


Unit10  用法集萃


1. would like + sth. 想要某物     

2. would like + to do sth. 想要做某事

3. Why don’t you + do sth.? 何不做某事?    

4. the number of + 名词复数……的数量


典句必背


1. What kind of noodles would you like? 你想要哪种面条?


2. I’d like beef noodles, please. 我想要牛肉面。


3. What size would you like? 你想要多大的?


4. I’d like a medium bowl, please. 我想要一个中碗的。


5. Would you like a large bowl? 你想要一个大碗的吗?


6. Yes, please. 好吧。


7. If he or she blows out all the candles in one to, the wish will come true.假如他或她一口气吹灭所有的蜡烛,愿望将实现。



【常考词性】


● 动词(4-5个)。注意动词时态,三单形式,高频率词汇有:hope to do sth.希望做某事

expect to do sth期待做某事,need to do sth.需要做某事,suggest to do sth建议做某事,

● 名词(2-3个)。

● 介词(1-2个)。

● 代词(1-2个)。

指示代词(it,they,one,that,)

反身代词(itself\themself\himself)

● 连词(1-2个)。

While\when\as\and\but


趁热打铁,我们一起看一下汉阳区2016-2017学年第二学期初一英语期末测试卷中的完型填空题:


Mrs. White got a new job as a teacher in a middle school in Beijing. So she wanted to m  76   there from London.

When her son Jack heard that, he felt sad. He didn’t want to l  77   his school here. Then one day in August, Mr. and Mrs. White couldn’t f  78   their son. They worried a lot and c  79   all Jack’s friends but they didn’t know where he was.


In fact, he was in the s  80  . When he saw a park, he r  81   his father and they often played soccer in it. And he often went shopping with his m  82   in the supermarket next to it. Then he thought his f  83   was the most important to him. He q   84   got back home and said sorry to his p  85  . He told them he decide to live in Beijing with them and make new friends there.


When his parents heard this, they were happy.


76. m________ 77. l________ 

78. f________ 79. c________ 

80. s________81. r________ 

82. m________ 83. f________ 

84. q________ 85. p________


参考答案:

76.move    77. leave 

78. find    79. called 

80. street    81.remembered

82. mother    83. family 

84. quickly    85. parents



(三)注意知识点之间的迁移和变通


在充分吃透课本单词,词汇,以及课文sectionA 的 2d   sectionB 的 2b 全部重点句型。另外要注意英语课外积累部分,尤其要注重新概念英语第一册课本的学习, 理由如下:


1. 新概念课本语法体系清晰,明确,教材经典,无明显语法错误,所包含单词起点低,但范围广,能满足不同阶段的学生需求。


2. 系统学习新概念课本,可以培养学生的自主学习能力和对语法的梳理能力,为下阶段新概念2册学习,以及初三的英语学习打下坚实基础。


【新概念英语学习注意事项】


● 每课单词必听写过关。

● 课文中重点词汇句型必备,听写过关。(为写作文打基础)

●  背诵单词以句子为单位,在课文中背单词,并注意句子意群。

● 制作单词听写卡片,重复多次,反复记忆。

●  建立单词错题本,定期彻底背诵清除。

●  准备专门笔记本记载重要词汇,句型。


(四)保持良好考试心态


● 保持卷面整洁,干净,不随意涂抹答案。

● 答题细心!!!保证能拿到的分一分不丢。(获得高分的基本保障)

●  读题仔细,审题认真。

●  做完试卷后一定要认真检查!!反复推敲不确定的答案。


经过辛苦的一个学期的努力,英语学习是一个积累的学科,用功在平时,谨此希望可以给各位初一备考的宝宝们提供期末复习的参考意见。


最后,预祝各位初一的同学取得理想的成绩,实现自己心中既定的高分目标!你们是最棒的!


本文作者


轻轻老师 | 何老师

授课年级:小初高


教学经历

2016/06—至今

轻轻家教英语老师


加入轻轻平台,所带学生有外校,美加,华一寄,三中的学生,擅长外校小升初,初三中考冲刺,能在短时间提升学生的英语兴趣和纠正英语语音语调,有自己独立的英语题库。

2013/06—2016/08

某上市机构专职英语老师